「反旺中」運動的觀察(with English translation)
「反旺中」運動的觀察(with English translation)
Is it anti-China factor, or anti-media monopolization?
An observation of the 「anti-Want-China Times Movement」
by Hsiao-Po Wang(王曉波),
Professor, Shih Hsin University
Since 31, July, 2012, some Green-Camp scholars mobilized students to the 「anti-Want-China Times」 movement. Thereafter, with the support of the legislators of the Green-Camp, Wei-Tin Chen(陳為廷), a graduate student of the National Tsing Hua University accused Wei-Nin Chiang(蔣偉寧), the Minister of Education , as 「liar, hypocrite」 in person and forced him to apologize. This event appalled social opinion but earned a joint public support from scholars of Academia Sinica(中研院) including Dr. Yuan-Tseh Lee(李遠哲) and Cheng-Sheng Tu(杜正勝).
「Anti-China factor」 or 「anti-monopolization」?
The reasoning for 「 anti-Want-China Times」 is high-sounding, which is to oppose Eng-Meng Tsai(蔡衍明), the new richest person in Taiwan, who purchased the China Times Media Group four years ago and thus formed 「media monopolization』 which sabotaged the diversification and press freedom. And Tsai has been attacked by the Liberty Times and the Apple Daily for a long time. This year, it was heard that Eng-Meng Tsai, with other four businessmen who have business in mainland China, intend to purchase the Apple Daily, the Next Weekly and TV station from Jimmy Lai(黎智英). The anti-media monopolization has been even more high-sounding than before, with Ying-Shih Yu(余英時) joining in, so did the Democratic Progressive Party.
Is 」anti-Want-China Times」 movement 『s opposing media monopolization really for the sake of protecting press freedom?
Fong-Yuan Shu(許峰源) and Yu-Chi Tian(田育志), the 「executive editor of the Media Student Fighting Front」, jointly wrote Anti-media Monopolization, What』s More than Anti-monopolization. It said:
「The argument that is easy to be referred and evoke public empathy is as those student emphasized during their sit-in in front of the Executive Yuan, which is 『opposing China factor getting involved in Taiwan media』. With the letter from Academia Sinica academician Ying-shih Yu, their appealing was even more easy for public to accept. However, the voice of criticism has also started. 『Anti-china factor』 is like a double- edged sword which invites people with particular purpose to paint Green on this 『 Media reform movement』 in the reason of 『 pan-politicization』』』.
「But is 『anti-China factor』 wrong? As early as in 2010, actually, when Want-China Times Media Group tried to acquire the second largest cable system in Taiwan , 『Chung Chia』, the concern about 『China may buy Taiwanese media as a way to monopolize opinion』 had been raised and discussed. Since it involves the sensitive ideological issue of whether Taiwan should be reunited with China or staying separated from China, even up to the level as an issue of national security, so, China-factor, do we oppose it or not?
「In the recent Next Media Group selling case, the worries about the China factor based, not surprisingly, on the vast profit of one of the purchasers, Eng-Meng Tsai, mostly came from China. Naturally, people make the linkage as whether Eng-Meng Tsai』s 「Chinese capital』 may cause the purchased media turn toward favoring China in news reporting and affecting the existing diversified opinion of Taiwanese society?」 (Lihpao, Dec. 14, 2012)
The young students spoke the truth
Those students are young after all, and they have told the truth. 「Anti-Want-China Times」 has never been anti-media monopolization and protecting the press freedom, but in fact 「anti-China factor」. Maybe because they are students, in such a short excerpt from the previous mentioned article can so many flaws be found.
During the Martial Law era, there was no privately owned TV and broadcasting media. The press freedom in Taiwan was monopolized by government』s media or pro-governmental media. As the printing media, beside those owned by government, there were only two newspapers, i.e. China Times and United Daily News privately owned. Both of these two papers』 bosses were members of the Central Standing Committee of the KMT. Only San-Lian Wu』s (吳三連) Independence Evening Post flaunted itself as being truly party-free. Other papers were all relying on government』s anti-Communism propaganda budget.
After the ban on new newspapers was lifted, China Times and United Daily News expanded quickly. Not only did they own several newspapers, magazines and publishing companies in Taiwan and abroad, they even acquired television station. Other governmental papers closed one by one under the fierce competition. Finally, the Independence Evening Post could not hold on anymore as well. During that time, we had never heard Ying-shih Yu spoke of 「anti-media monopolization」.
Then, with the wealth of a land developing group and good political connections, The Liberty Times stood out as one of the front runners. Afterward, there came the Apple Daily and the Next Weekly of Jimmy Lai from Hong Kong, who later expanded his press enterprise to television. However, while Lai was in Hong Kong, it is said CIA was behind him.
Therefore, we can not help but to ask: there was no problem of 「media monopolization」 with China Times before it was purchased by Eng-Meng Tsai of Want Want Group, why there was 「media monopolization」 problem with China Times after the boss was replaced by Eng-Meng Tsai? It has been the same China Times, how come it changed from no monopoly to being monopoly? This theory can only delude children, no wonder some students were fooled.
Only by 「anti-China factor」 can we have press freedom?
There is even less sense in claiming only by 「anti-China factor」 can we have press freedom and diversification; while with 「China factor」, there will be no press freedom and diversification. What the claimers do not know is, only with diversity that we may have choices, with choices that we have freedom. Only 「anti-China factor」 and no 「China factor」, how can one choose? And, what kind of freedom is it without any choices? Therefore, Taiwan has to include 「anti-China factor」 and 「China factor」 as well to be a diversified society with press freedom. Also, there would always be the freedom to chanting 」 Long Live」 in any era, but only when the opposing voices were tolerated that make genuine freedom of express. Allow only 「anti-China factor」 but not the anti 「anti-China factor」 is Fascism, not democracy, freedom and diversity.
Worse is, 「anti-China ideology」 was elevated to the extent as concerning 「reunite or independence ideology」 and 「national security」. Which unjust White Terror case was not in the name of 「national security」 in the past? Are these claims different from the clinching of freedom of express by KMT during Martial Law period? This is almost the revival of the White Terror.
To suspect China factor on the ground that Eng-Meng Tsai earned his 「Chinese Capital」 in mainland even makes no sense. Until now, 「anti-Want China Times」 movement has not yet provided any evidence of Eng-Meng Tsai owns any 「China』s Capital」, it has only been 「suspected」. With suspicion, they demanded NCC illegally reject the lawful rights of Eng-Meng Tsai to acquire media. If we can solve cases with 「suspicion」, needs Taiwan the rule of law? To use 「suspicion」 as a tool for investigation is the so-called 「unspoken criticism」 and 「punishing thoughts」 in the dictatorship era. How can we not be bitterly disappointed that the freedom and democracy of Taiwan has declined to such a state as today?
Besides, if one has to be suspected and opposed just because of making money in mainland, Taiwan has earned money from mainland for so many years that the sum has long exceeded the current foreign reserves, is even this subject to suspicion and opposing too? The market of China occupies 42% of the foreign trade of Taiwan. If we oppose this as well, who is going to support all those unemployed people? Who will take responsibilities? Being that proud, why not copy the 「Cultural Revolution」, 「self-reliance to fighting our way and building country with hard-working and thrifty」, 「the revolution is blameless, rebellion with grounds」, 「strike down every reactionary.」 What is 「I am student, I am against Want-China Times」 but some fanned up 」Red Guards」 who are lack of the knowledge. In the past, chairman Mao Ze-Dung reviewed Red Guards on Tiananmen Square. Over one million people summoned up easily. Can 「anti-Want China Times」 compete?
Mainland China has emerged as the second largest economy in the world, even was predicted to take over the US as the No.1. Besides, during the global financial crisis, China was the engine of global economic development. No matter how we brag about 「Taiwan first, Taiwan prior」, can we not be influenced by Mainland China?
Taiwan has been enlisted in American camp since the Cold War
To protect its hegemony in East Asia, America has been curbing China』s emergence and to demonize China. Ever since the start of the Cold War, Taiwan had been enlisted in the American camp which, in a beautified name, was called 「the free world」. It was a 「free world」 that saw Taiwanese ruled by 「White Terror」. From academia, thoughts, culture, economy to politics, everything was controlled and manipulated by the US. The press and the media overwhelmingly demonized China, even making false accusation. Once there were media possibly reporting about China with fair and objective view, the truth about 「the Emperor』s new clothes」 was subsequently being exposed.
In the end, 「anti-Want China Times」 has been nothing but anti 「China (Eng-Meng Tsai) factor」, it does not oppose」 America (Jimmy Lai ) factor」 at all. Su Tseng-Chang(蘇貞昌), the chairman of DPP, has also been acting out of character. He transcended 「racial community」 issue and supported a mainlander ( Jimmy Lai ) and opposed to a Taiwanese (Eng-Meng Tsai ). Therefore, 「anti-Want-China Times」 is not about 「anti-media monopolization」, it has been the vanguard for the US to 「Return to Asia」 to start a new Cold War, to stop 「China factor」 influencing Taiwan for the interest of American hegemony and allowing only the 「America factor」 monopolizes Taiwan.
Intellectuals and universities are supposed to be the 「conscience of the society」, 「 to set the value of justice and fairness to the world, to give moral aspiration for all the people」, or to 「worry before the world starts to worry and happy after the world feels happy」. However, there are a group of intellectuals and university students in Taiwan who ignored that by fanning 「 Arab Spring」, America has sacrificed hundreds of thousands people and their places sinking in bloodbath. They act willingly as the vanguard of America hegemony』s new Cold War and to suffocate the possible reasonable and objective reports about China by 「Want-China Times」 for the reason of 「suspicion」, and hence sabotage the reconciliation and mutual understanding between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait.
With this kind of intellectuals and university students, what else can we say but to pray that the plague of war of the America hegemony will never fall upon the treasure island Taiwan.
Subjective can not replace objective rule after all. Taiwan has been at the sea front of China for the last 400 years. We discovered that there is a rule in history, that because of the marine activities of the world, Taiwan had become the target for rivalry between China and foreign powers. Taiwan belonged to China whenever China was strong. Taiwan left China whenever China was weak. When Koxinga(鄭成功) expelled the Dutch, it was China expelling foreign power. When the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed and China cedes to Japan in perpetuity and full sovereignty of Taiwan, it was foreign power expelling China. After 8 years』 anti-Japanese war and Taiwan was reunited with China, it was China expelling foreign power. When the Korean War started and the seventh fleet of US sailed into Taiwan Strait, two side of the Strait has been separated till today.
Mainland China started to reform and open up in 1979. It has been 30 years and there has been an economic rise which changed the economic structure of the world. And, hence, the foreign reserves of Taiwan derived from the exports to China, Taiwanese businessmen making profits in mainland, and Eng-Meng Tsai became the richest person in Taiwan.
「anti-Want China Times」 is a movement for America monopolizing Taiwan
Intellectuals are supposed ahead of time and leading the tide of history forward, to promote peaceful development between Taiwan Strait and to end the cross-Strait hostility. But 「anti-Want-China Times」 movement is actually facilitating America hegemony to monopolize Taiwan. Their powerless effort of 「anti-China factor」 will be inevitably crushed under the great wheel of history. We would like to wait and see.